Minecraft is a sandbox game developed by Mojang Studios and originally released in 2009. The game was created by Markus "Notch" Persson in the Java programming language

In Minecraft, players explore a blocky, procedurally generated, three-dimensional world with virtually infinite terrain. Players can discover and extract raw materials,

There are five different ‘game modes’ in Minecraft. They are: Survival Mode, Hardcore Mode, Creative Mode, Adventure Mode, and Spectator Mode.

Depending on their chosen game mode, players can fight hostile mobs, as well as cooperate with or compete against other players in the same world

The game's large community also offers a wide variety of user-generated content, such as modifications, servers, skins, texture packs, and custom maps, which add new game mechanics and possibilities.

Minecraft has received critical acclaim, winning several awards and being cited by some as one of the greatest video games ever created

Social media, parodies, adaptations, merchandise, and the annual Minecon conventions played prominent roles in popularizing the game

The game has also been used in educational environments to teach chemistry, computer-aided design, and computer science

In 2014, Mojang and the Minecraft intellectual property were purchased by Microsoft for US$2.5 billion.